PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING 
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Problem Based Learning  

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This site is developed by Amran Mat Zin and Rugayah Ali
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Last update:
12-12-2006

PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING
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Problem-Based Learning
Developer : Southern Illinois University School of Medicine
http://www.mcli.dist.maricopa.edu/pbl/problem.html

Problem-based learning (PBL) is a total approach to education. As defined by Dr. Howard Barrows and Ann Kelson of Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, PBL is both a curriculum and a process. The curriculum consists of carefully selected and designed problems that demand from the learner acquisition of critical knowledge, problem solving proficiency, self-directed learning strategies, and team participation skills. The process replicates the commonly used systemic approach to resolving problems or meeting challenges that are encountered in life and career.


Based-Learning (PBL)
Developer : University Of Delaware
http://www.udel.edu/pbl/
Problem-based learning (PBL) is an instructional method that challenges students to "learn to learn," working cooperatively in groups to seek solutions to real world problems

Problem-Based Learning: A Case Study
Developer : Universiti Of Delaware
http://www.udel.edu/pbl/dancase3.html
Problem-based learning approaches to education often generate justifiable enthusiasm among faculty who have become frustrated with the limitations of traditional lecture-based education. However, faculty contemplating a change to a problem-based format rarely anticipate the many practical difficulties that can destroy one's enthusiasm and create chaos in the classroom. This case study, about the trials and tribulations of a fictional anthropology professor's attempts to alert faculty who are interested in trying the method to some of the unexpected challenges they might encounter.

Center for Problem-Based Learning
Developer : IMSA’s Centre
http://www.imsa.edu/team/cpbl/
Problem-based learning, like the process of problem solving itself, is best understood by actually experiencing it. To this end, we have prepared a situation through which we hope to give you a more complete understanding of the "feel" of problem-based learning, as well as a practical understanding of how the process of PBL unfolds.

Problem-Based Learning
Developer : History Social Science
http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/problearn.html 
Problem-Based Learning is a curriculum development and delivery system that recognizes the need to develop problem solving skills as well as the necessity of helping students to acquire necessary knowledge and skills.

Problem-Based Learning
Developer : San Diego State University
http://edweb.sdsu.edu/clrit/home.html
Here you'll find information about using a variety of emerging media to deliver and manage university courses using a powerful learning strategy.

Problems With Problem-Based Learning
Developer : San Diego State University
http://edweb.sdsu.edu/clrit/learningtree/PBL/DisPBL.html
As with all learning theories, there are advantages and limitations when creating or implementing problem based learning curriculum.

The Journal of Clinical Problem-Based Learning
Developer : University Of Mississippi
http://www.jclinpbl.org/
This web side about Journal of Clinical Problem-based Learning. 

Problem-Based Learning
Developer : Mc Master University Chemical Engineering
http://www.chemeng.mcmaster.ca/pbl/pbl.htm
PBL is any learning environment in which the problem drives the learning. That is, before students learn some knowledge they are given a problem. The problem is posed so that the students discover that they need to learn some new knowledge before they can solve the problem. 
 
Learner-Centered Classrooms,
Developer : North Central Regional Educational Laboratory
http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/content/cntareas/science/sc3learn.htm
Problem-based learning is the type of classroom organization needed to support a constructivist approach to teaching and learning. 

Problem-Based Learning
Developer : The University of Texas Medical Branch
http://www.med-ed-online.org/f0000003.htm
The use of problem-based learning in medical education and other educational settings has escalated. What once was considered a "fringe" innovation has become much more mainstream. The author raises issues surrounding whether PBL will become such a successful innovation that it becomes the "norm", or whether its popularity and widespread adoption will fade and be replaced by another, newer innovation.

Problem Based Learning Assessment and Research Centre
Developer : University of Delaware, College of Health and Nursing Sciences
http://www.med-ed-online.org/f0000009.htm
Problem-based Learning (PBL) has become a popular method of instruction among educators in the health professions. Central to the effectiveness of PBL is the ability of students to work together to solve problems. When these abilities are lacking, PBL outcomes can be compromised. Since these skills have not been emphasized in public school or higher education, students are often forced to muddle through group processes in the effort to learn. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the interpersonal skills necessary to enhance PBL, and suggest how these skills can be improved and incorporated into the curriculum.
 

Problem-Based Learning
Developer : Queen’s University
http://meds.queensu.ca/medicine/pbl/pblhome.htm
Most of these references were obtained from MedLine by searching on problem+based+learning using OVID or PubMed . The ERIC database also contains references on PBL which may not be listed in MedLine. The University of Colorado, Center for Instructional Support PBL web page also has useful references to literature on PBL.


Problem-Based Learning in Biology : With 20 Case Examples
Developer : Saltspring.com
http://www.saltspring.com/capewest/pbl.htm
Problem-based learning (PBL) is an exciting way to learn biology and is readily incorporated into large classes in a lecture hall environment. PBL engages students in solving authentic biological case problems, stimulating discussion among students and reinforcing learning

 

Problem-Based Learning
Developer : Samford PBL Initiative
http://www.samford.edu/pbl/pbl_main.html
Center for Problem-Based Learning The Center is an arm of The Samford PBL Initiative, a project supported by The Pew Charitable Trusts.


Problem-Based Learning
Developer : University Of Mississippi School of Pharmacy
 http://www.olemiss.edu/courses/pbl/
Welcome to a series of web pages devoted to problem-based learning as it is practiced at the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy. Check back frequently as we expand this site to include many exciting programs we have in store. 


SEARCH ENGINES

HEALTH AND MEDICAL SEARCH ENGINE

Biomedical Information Resources & Services
Developer : Karolinska Institute
http://www.mic.ki.se/Other.html


The Combined Health Information Database
Developer : NIH, CDC and Health Resources and Services Adminstration
http://chid.nih.gov/


Health on the Net Foundation
Developer : Health on the Net Foundation
http://www.hon.ch/


Healthfinder
Developer : U. S. Department of Health and Human Services
http://www.healthfinder.gov/


HealthWeb
Developer : The Greater Midwest Region of the National Network Libraries of Medicine
http://healthweb.org/


Med411
Developer : med411, Inc.
http://www.med411.com/


Scirus : for scientific information only
Developer : Elsevier Science
http://www.scirus.com/




GENERAL SEARCH ENGINES AND METASEARCH

BUBL Link / 5:15
Developer : JISC Committee on Electronic Information
http://bubl.ac.uk/link/

IxQuick search
Developer : Surfboard Holding
http://ixquick.com/


All 4 one search machine
Developer : John E. Haag
http://all4one.com/


Infomine : scholarly internat resource collections
Developer :Library of the University of California, Riverside
http://infomine.ucr.edu/


The WWW Virtual Library
Developer : Gerard Manning
http://www.vlib.org/


NEC Research Index
Developer NEC Research Institute